Egypt's Napoleon: Thutmosis III

Though a lot of Pharaoh's kings of the 18th and 19th dynasties were martial chiefs, but Thutmosis III was absolutely one of the greatest leaders through the ancient Egyptian history.
Thutmosis III was the son of Thutmosis II and a queen called Isis. After the death of his father, Thutmosis III became the king at the age of 2 or 3 years old. Because he was evidently still young to resign, he was married to his stepmother Hatshepsut, the widowed Great Regal Wife of Thutmosis II.
Thutmosis III spent his childhood and teenage years training in the army, until the death of Hatshepsut in year 22 of their reign. At this time, he took over the throne as a fully grown adult and military leader. When Hatshepsut died, Thutmosis III was still only 24 or 25 years old and took over the rule of Egypt as the legitimate king.
At the beginning of his sole rule, Thutmosis III started re- definition to the borders of his land and control that Egypt had over the Near East, starting with a great campaign to Megiddo, territory of the Hittites. With great bravery, Thutmosis marched into Megiddo via the most difficult way, catching the Hittites off guard. The Egyptians, however, lost their advantage when they stopped to spoil the Hittite camp. The Hittites were able to withstand the Egyptians for more than seven months, and the Egyptians eventually returned home.
Thutmosis didn’t give up though. During his 50 years or so of sole rule, he made 17 additional campaigns into Syria, as well as further campaigns into Nubia – some when he was in his 80s. Through his efforts, he firmly re-established Egypt as a power to be reckoned with.
Egyptologists often refer to Thutmosis III as the Egypt's Napoleon because he spent most of his life fighting and claiming land in the name of Egypt. He left some very detailed military records in the Hall of Annals at Karnak temple, telling of the glorious deeds in Syria that earned him this title.

1 comment:

Aree said...

Amazing post...

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