Abu Simbel...the mystery and fantasy

Abu-Simbel...one of the most widely famous archaeological cities not just in Egypt but in the whole world,... it is a small town located on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 290 kilometers southwest of and only 50 kilometers away from the southern borders with Sudan. It has a small airport that serves the tourists visiting Ramses II and Nefertari Temples. The importance of the city is due to those both temples that date back to the Predynastic era. With the passage of time, the temples Abu Simbel were abandoned and the sand-storms covered them completely. From time to time, the wind removed the sand and revealed parts of the faces of the colossi of Ramses II. This created a sense of mystery, fantasy and fear among the local population and the Nomades.
The discovery of Abu Simbel Temples began in 1813 when J. L. Burckhardt, Swiss Orientalist, found the top frieze of the main temple. He told Giovanni Belzoni, one of the most famous explorers in the world at that time, about his discovery. Belzoni traveled to the site, but was unable to dig out an entry to the temple. In 1817, the actual discovery of the temple happened wh en Belzoni returned to Abu Simbel and managed to at last enter the temple and took hold of all the portable objects he could transport.

Inside Ramses temple (the sun temple), gi ant (10 meters high) statues of Ramses line the central corridor of the Hypostyle Hal l (left). The walls and ceilings are all exquisitely adorned and there are several side chambers that were probably used to store cult objects. The most astonishing and amazing, is the central sanctuary where the sun’s rays at dawn would have shown on the cult statues on February 21 (Ramses birthday) and October 21 (his coronation)!!
By the end of 1956 and the beginning of plan
ning the building of the new High Dam, an international campaign led by the UNESCO was launched to save the monuments of Nubia. The relocation works the Temples of Abu Simbel began in 1964 and was finished in 1968 with a cost of 40 million $.

To avoid damaging the sculptures, both temples were covered by sand. Then, the entire site - not only the temples - was cut i nto large blocks which were classified and numbered. They were relocated 200 meters to the back and 60 meters higher than their original place. The whole original site was reassembled in its new location, reserving the original orientation and the original landscape.
See More..
Have you heard about The Bent Pyramid??
What do you know about Amon, Aton, Osiris and the other Egyptian's Gods ??
Part (2): Quick facts and numbers about the Great Pyramid "Khufu".
12 step to make a mummy!...take alook on the process of embalming an Egyptian mummy
Astonishing Mysteries And Secrets You May Like To Know About "Khufu"...The Great Pyramid...(1)
Abu Simbel...the mystery and fantasy
Akhenaten...The Monotheist Pharaoh

No comments:

Google Analytics